According to Hindu economics, human goals or Purusharthas are four fold: artha (prosperity or wealth), kaama (pleasures), dharma (cosmic law) and moksha (liberation from the cycle of life and death). Thus, the traditional idea of wealth is only one part of the economic principles.
Two of the most important aspects that drive Hindu economy are:
- Dharma – which can be interpreted as flowing with the cosmic law. Part of dharma is ethics. Hindu economic practices cannot be separated from ethics.
- Moksha – realizing our true reality, that we are consciousness, we are in the space of “Oneness” or Advaita. Realizing this state and space of Oneness is described as enlightenment. Functioning in this world while in this space of enlightenment is called “Living Enlightenment” by His Divine Holiness.
Such a society using Advaita as a strategy for success is an “Enlightenment-based ecosystem”, and the economy is an enlightenment based (consciousness-based) economy. According to Paramashiva, all enlightenment-based ecosystems share certain behavioural patterns.